Will agriculture be regulated by the “cap”?
No, under the most climate legislation being discussed in Congress manufacturing, transportation and utilities are “capped” entities, not agriculture. Agriculture, however, has the potential to be involved in the “trade” portion of the market.
Q. How much are these markets worth?
Analysis from EPA indicates ACES could create a domestic offset market valued at $2.7 billion to $3.4 billion or more annually within five years of the legislation’s implementation.(iii) Recent USDA analysis indicates domestic agricultural and forestry offset revenues of $2 billion per year in the near-term rising to $28 billion per year in the long-term.(iv) USDA analysis found that under ACES, “the agricultural sector will have modest costs in the short term and net benefits – perhaps significant net benefits – over the longterm.”(v)
Q. How can agricultural practices reduce or offset greenhouse gases and climate change?
Plants naturally take up carbon dioxide (a primary greenhouse gas) and give off oxygen. In this process, they also store or “sequester” carbon in the soil through their roots; however, most of that carbon is released when farmers plow up the field to plant a crop. If farmers were to use direct seeding or no-till practices to plant crops, they would keep all that stored carbon in the soil. Practices like this, which have the ability to literally take CO2 out of the atmosphere and sink it into soils –also create better soil fertility, water quality, water retention and greater wildlife habitat. Other farming practices could also qualify for GHG emission reduction credits under the bill now before Congress. ACES allows for 2 billion annual offset credits to be traded on the market. Currently, the bill allows for emissions to be offset by:(vi)
- Soil Carbon Sequestration
- Animal Waste Methane Capture
- Nitrous Oxide Reductions from Fertilizer Application
- Afforestation Carbon Sequestration
- Forest Management Carbon Sequestration
USDA forecasts the amount of carbon sequestered by US agriculture will nearly double from current levels in the next five years.(vii) This additional uptake is expected through improved soil management (~60%), improved manure and nutrient management (~30%), and additional land-retirement (~10%).(viii)
Q. How do offsets impact the cost of emissions reductions for the US economy?
Agricultural carbon offsets are a lowest cost option and they can significantly reduce the overall cost of a cap-and-trade system while still achieving the desired level of emissions reductions. Additionally, offsets may act as a price “safety valve” for cap-and-trade if an unlimited number of offsets are allowed. As the price of a carbon allowance or credit rises, because the cost of abatement is often lower for agriculture than for other sectors, new entrants will arrive at an earlier price-point than other participants.
In Regards To Woodwork, This Article Holds The Best Techniques
It is a positive thing to identify and nurture your particular niche in the art of woodworking. Keep reading to understand woodworking better and have fun with it too.
Do you realize that your workbench height affects your work? This will help you know what the perfect height.
Gel stains can be your best friend when staining furniture and other wood projects that need staining. Gel stains will adhere much better on lumber because the liquid kind usually run.Gel stains are also allow for consistent color on pieces since it is thicker.
You should do dry fitting before you apply glue and clamping your woodworking pieces together. You can cause damage if you tinker with the fit after you’ve applied the glue. Dry fitting will help you how the components fit together.
Know your wood’s properties before you use it for a specific project that requires staining. Using the appropriate wood means your project has a better chance of turning into what you expected it to.
Understand the characteristics of the wood you’re using. Every piece of wood will be different to work with. Different woods will also splinter differently. There will also be a wide range of wood grains. All of these characteristics will become features in your woodworking projects.
Ear protection is important if you begin a project. The machinery used for woodworking can be very loud. You can lose your hearing because of it. Use a pair of high quality headphones or ear plugs you can throw away. Make sure you use some form of protection when operating machinery.
Are you having trouble reaching that is insufficient for your screwdriver and highly obscured screw? Your toolbox contains the answer!Get a screwdriver with a long handle and a 12-point socket.
Look around your neighborhood and workplace for some free wood. Some businesses may have excess wood pallets lying around and they’d be willing to just give it to you. Look online and find ideas for some more ideas.
You can make cuts without a perfectionist with tape measures. Cutting on your scrap wood first is always a good idea and means you can test a fitting out. Having a variety in the ways you from mental boredom.
When you’re working with wood, you should understand that you don’t have to have perfect creations all the time. They will have a little character and are what you make of them. Your skills will improve as you work on more projects and use the tips that were listed above.